The glass factory at Crowleytown was located where the Crowley's Landing picnic area is located today in the Wharton tract State Forest just off of County route 542,in Washington Township New Jersey. Samuel Crowley Sr.who was born on the 5th of MAY 1788 and died on the 23rd of OCT 1864 was the owner of four hundred acres of land deep in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. He did not erect the first glass works there as legend has stated it was in fact John Huffsey of Philadelphia. By the following year the town as a whole consisted of the glass house,a hotel a blacksmith shop, a school, a store, and about 17 other dwellings. This factory employed twelve glass blowers.
Huffsey named his glass works the Atlantic Glass works. Samuel Crowley Jr was born on the 28th day of February 1811,and died on the 22 of January 1887. He now entered the picture in 1855 as a part owner of the town along with his father and relative Isaiah Weeks and and tried to sell to investors that the town and the glass works would be come quite profitable.He also with other business and influentual wealthy men located nearby who owned either Iron works or other glass factories petitioned the State of New Jersey for the construction of a canal to the Delaware river.This never materialized as the business environment was growing cold. The first 4 years of the factory were quite profitable. This is also the period when the first Mason jars were blown here and also at the the Tansboro Glass works by John Mason. A downturn in business brought on by stiff competion from other nearby glass works in Southern New Jersey slowed output dramatically.
Ultimatley the glasshouse proved unprofitable for Huffsey as an owner when Samuel Crowley Jr. failed to attract the necessary investment in the village .Huffsey sold his interest in the glass works back to Samuel Crowley Jr who then leased the glass works to a group of New York and Philadelphia investors headed by Daniel Burling and his brothers in 1857.As part of the lease agreement in 1857 Samuel Jr agreed to purchase half of the glass products produced at the factory. Burling was in Camden, New Jersey listed as a merchant in the year 1850 . He is also listed as a merchant on Cliff Street in New York City in 1859 and in 1860 he is listed as being in the glass business at the Atlantic Glass Company. Burling is also listed in the Washington Township tax list with the other glass workers in Crowleyville in 1860. Daniel did well for about two years but gave up the lease and the business went back back to Samuel Crowley Jr and Isaiah Weeks in 1862.
In the same year Crowley and Weeks reorganized the glass works and Crowley Jr assumed full control naming the Glass works the Crowleyville Glass company. Samuel Crowley jr operated the glass works from 1862 to 1864 when he leased the works to David Felt of New York City. The town at the time consisted of two lots and fourteen houses,a hotel,general store and a small grist mill. The US Civil War began on 12 April 1861.Samuel Crowley Sr died on the 23rd of October and Samuel Jr inherited his fathers interest in the town. The war had a devastating effect on virtually all business's. When the war ended Felt went out of business and Crowley Jr was forced to sell his interest in the Glass works back to Isaiah Weeks in 1866. It seems Samuel Crowley jr got into financial hard times and was accused of swindling his sister in-law out of 15,000 dollars.When a court ruled in the sister in-laws favor Samuel Jr was forced to sell everything he owned to pay his court ordered debt to his creditors and sister in law.
Isaiah Weeks in turn sold the factory back to the Burlington, Atlantic, Cape May, and Philadelphia Glass Company where again Crowley Jr was a part owner of. The company also owned the Bulltown glass factory down river and the Milford glass works near Pendleton. In 1868 The works were purchased by a group of 4 men led by John Dougherty who continued to call the Glass works the Burlington, Atlantic, Cape May, and Philadelphia Glass Company. In less then a years time the company again was restructured and John Dougherty and Company named their glass works The Neptune glass and manufacturing company.This company manufactured all sorts of glass ware including the famous gothic pickle jars and many soda and porter bottles. The Neptune glass works operated until 1871 .This was the final failure of the glass works. This was also the end of Crowleytown the small hamlet. Samuel Jr. was unable to come up with enough revenue to pay his sister in-law the court rendered judgement.Then as quickley as the town Samuel Crowley Sr. had founded sprung up it ended just as quickly. Although it was abandoned, the plant stood until it finally collapsed in 1874. The Crowleytown glass works were literally blown over by a possible tornado.
This is a pretty accurate account of the company's and names associated with the glass works at Crowleyville by doing painstaking research at various towns tax records,New Jersey historic Business records and glass notes from Howard Kemble. A majority of the Washington/Taylor Historical Flasks were made at the factories associated with the Burlington, Atlantic, Cape May, and Philadelphia Glass Company. These were the factories of Milford,The Atlantic Glass Works and Bulltown. Also made at the various glass works at Crowleyville were quite a few soda and beer bottles along with common medicine bottle and vials.
Embossed Neptune Glass Works Crowleyville medicine bottle in a very rare bright green color from the Steven Mello collection. This bottle is a welcome addition to this site from Californian Steven Mello .
Two bottles found at a blow out tide about 50 feet out from the Crowleys Landing site in very close proximity to the second glass factory built at the site.Bottles from theses works were shipped to all the major markets on the east coast.